Doping in sport: effects, harm and misconceptions

To minimize the phenomenon of doping, information and prevention programs, starting with athletes at a young age, and involving other stakeholders (e.g. the athletes’ doctors, coaches or family), are necessary to establish and maintain correct attitudes and behaviors. It is important to note that from the legal point of view, the athlete is 100% responsible for the substances that enter his body. Thus, if the athlete ingests accidentally an forbidden substance, he is still responsible for it. The fight against doping continues, but anti-doping agencies will always be one step behind manufacturers of new undetectable substances with pharmacological properties similar to those already available on the market.

The information and materials contained on this website are not intended to constitute a comprehensive guide concerning all aspects of the therapy, product or treatment described on the website. All users are urged to always seek advice from a registered health care professional for diagnosis and answers to their medical questions and to ascertain whether the particular therapy, service, product or treatment described on the website is suitable in their circumstances. The State of Victoria and the Department of Health shall not bear any liability for reliance by any user on the materials contained on this website. People who are dependent on drugs may find that using the drug becomes more important than other activities in their life.

Alcohol Abuse and Drug Use in Sport and Performance

An example of a well-known environmental intervention involved raising the drinking age in the United States from 18 to 21, which resulted in a decrease in alcohol consumption and traffic crashes (Wagenaar & Toomey, 2002). There is evidence to suggest that 12-step programs are as efficacious as other interventions/treatments (Ouimette, Finney, & Moos, 1997; Project MATCH Research Group, 1997). However, it can be difficult to examine the efficacy of individual 12-step programs; by definition, they are usually anonymous and assignment to appropriate control conditions is logistically challenging. No published studies have examined the efficacy of 12-step programs among athletes, although numerous athletes have undoubtedly participated in such programs. If an athlete has a significant alcohol abuse and/or drug use problem and is open to abstinence as a treatment goal, then encouraging them to consider a 12-step program would be appropriate. A number of effective intervention and prevention strategies for alcohol abuse and drug use have been identified.

  • Drug abuse in the athlete population may involve doping in an effort to gain a competitive advantage.
  • The pressure to win leads some athletes to use drugs that might give them an edge.
  • It’s not doping, it’s for your health.” Yeah, it had testosterone in it.
  • One reason athletes were vulnerable to such abuse is due to the nature of the risk environment in which these systems operated.

In general, it’s like, people have kind of come and told their truth or not told the truth and kind of moved on. I credit them for that, but I also feel like, we have an opportunity to make sure a situation like this doesn’t happen again. I try to talk about it as much as possible, it’s obviously still hard, you know, I wish I was talking about something else. My girlfriend’s got two kids we live with, seven and five, I told them last night what this interview was about. And a guy by the name of Jeff Novitsky contacted me, and I was forced to come in and tell the truth in front of a grand jury. And I didn’t want to tell the truth, I really didn’t, I felt like I was 10 years too late to tell the truth.

How can I check if a drug is banned?

The approved gene therapies include alipogene tiparvovec for the treatment of lipoprotein lipase deficiency and recombinant human adenovirus-p53 to inhibit cancer cell growth (409, 410). Gene therapy has also shown promise in SCID-X1, Leber’s congenital amaurosis, and some forms of muscular dystrophies. Despite its enormous promise, the progress in the gene therapy field has lagged substantially behind the early expectations because of technological and safety issues. Recent studies increasingly suggest that the use of AASs and other PEDs often occurs in conjunction with use of multiple classical drugs of abuse (77, 78).

Athletes who use different medication and have the consent of physicians should be careful to declare the use of such substances so that if the athlete is positively detected with it, the authorities know that the substance is needed to improve their health condition. Performance-enhancing steroids are drugs that have both negative effects of drugs in sport physical and mental side effects. Not all antidepressants cause QT lengthening, and the torsadogenic risk increases with higher doses or when drugs are co-administered (e.g. antiarrhythmics, antihistamines, stimulants, antibiotics and antimycotics). However, the group of atypical antipsychotics is actually less hazardous.


Anabolic steroids – these illegal drugs have been widely used to cheat in sport over the past 50 years because they help the athlete to make rapid increases in strength and recovery from high intensity movements such as sprints. However, steroids are thought to cause severe mood swings when used in large quantities and may cause heart disease in some people. In males there is also the threat of testicular atrophy (shrinking testicles) and in females an increase in body and facial hair.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *